Measuring Assimilation: 'Mother Tongue' Question in Turkish Censuses and Nationalist Policy
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This article aims to examine how the Turkish census measures, classifies and interprets the languages spoken in Turkey. By examining the non-standardised relationship between 'mother tongue', 'domestic language' and 'ethnicity', the article analyses the ongoing and dynamic milieu that surrounds the fixed questions and clear-cut classifications of data. This article argues that the ethnic measurement is not a 'fixed' measurement, because the wording of the linguistic question and the data categorisation as well as the interpretation of the data has been changing.