Impaired Placentation and Early Pregnancy Loss in Patients with MTHFR Polymorphisms and Type-1 Diabetes Mellitus
Gurbuz, Rumeysa Hekimoglu
Çakar, Ayşe Nur
Beksac, Mehmet Sinan
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Objective: To evaluate the impact of type-1 diabetes mellitus (DM) and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) polymorphisms on impaired placentation leading to early pregnancy loss. Methods: Miscarriage materials were obtained from eight pregnant women with type-1 DM without MTHFR polymorphism, eight with MTHFR polymorphisms without type-1 DM, and eight controls with neither DM nor MTHFR polymorphisms. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), and Beclin-1 expression were assessed to evaluate placentation. Results: Cytoplasmic LIF, IGF-1, and Beclin-1 expression were decreased in the superficial and glandular epithelial cells of the decidua in both study groups. LIF expression was increased in interstitial trophoblasts in the MTHFR group. IGF-1 expression was decreased in the decidual cells and interstitial trophoblasts in both study groups, while the decrease in stromal cells was noted only in type-1 DM group. Beclin-1 expression was increased in interstitial and villous trophoblasts in both study groups. Conclusion: The expression of IGF-1, LIF, and Beclin-1 are altered in both the decidua and the trophoblasts in pregnancies of women with type-1 DM and MTHFR polymorphisms, compared to normal pregnancies undergoing (elective) terminations.